Illegal Occupation of the West Bank and the Wall

Source: B’Tselem – The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories

International Governments on the Illegality of Israeli Occupation of Palestinian Territory from 1967 to the Present

  • Out of all 193 state member states at the United Nations, in December 2014 only seven voted against the conclusion that Israeli settlements are illegal (Israel, it’s two closest allies the US and Canada, and four Pacific Island micro-states). Full the full resolution see here. For the vote count see here.
  • Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs Legal Adviser, Theodor Meron: Settlement in the Administered Territories (1967). Mr. Meron also recently restated this position.
  • Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade legal advisors: Israeli Settlement Activity, tabled in the Senate Standing Committees on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, 14 February 2013
  • US State Department in December 2016 officially reaffirmed that the settlements are illegal under international law. This was established in 1978 by US State Department  Legal Adviser, Herbert J. Hansell: Letter of the State Department Legal Advisor, Mr. Herbert J. Hansell, Concerning the Legality of Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories.  The US also confirms that both Gaza and the West Bank are under Israeli occupation
  • US State Department: Israeli occupation forces control the borders between the West Bank and Jordan. Israeli occupation forces severely restrict or ban from entering Israel and the West Bank people they suspect of being of Arab, Middle Eastern, or Muslim racial or religious background. People suspected of being of Arab, Middle Eastern, or Muslim background also face special intensive interrogation by Israeli occupation forces at the borders into Israel and the West Bank.
  • UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs William Hague: Making progress on the Middle East Peace Process
  • Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development: Canadian Policy on Key Issues in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
  • European Union (EU) Foreign Affairs Council (council of EU states’ foreign ministers): Council conclusions on the Middle East Peace ProcessAlso see here.
  • EU Delegation to Israel “We condemn the recent Israeli decisions to approve a plan for new settlement activity in Givat Hamatos and to allow for further settlement expansion in the neighbourhood of Silwan in East Jerusalem. This represents a further highly detrimental step that undermines prospects for a two-state solution and calls into question Israel’s commitment to a peaceful negotiated settlement with the Palestinians.” (Read here, Oct 2014)
  • EU Foreign Affairs Council: Expresses “deep concern” about settlement construction and other aspects of the Occupation “which threaten to make a two-state solution impossible” (Read here, May 2012)
  • EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton: “EU’s long-standing position about settlements:” which includes that“settlements are illegal under international law and threaten to make a two-state solution impossible. The EU has repeatedly urged the Government of Israel to immediately end all settlement activities in the West Bank, including in East Jerusalem” (Read here, May 2013)
  • EU envoy to Israel Lars Fabourg-Andersen: Regarding EU states’ warning to citizens against doing business with Israeli settlements in the West Bank, in East Jerusalem, and in the Golan Heights (see below in Section B): The warnings, “should not come as a surprise,” and EU member states “are losing their patience with concerns not being treated” by Israel. “The EU is more consistently implementing existing policy, and taking further steps to disengage from the settlements”. Andersen added that if settlement construction continues additional EU member states will publish similar warnings against doing business with the settlements (Read here, June 2014)
  • Dutch Foreign Minister: “Expansion of settlements is the greatest threat to a two-state solution” and  Israeli settlements are “in violation of international law” (Read here, (Dutch) November 2012)
  • United Nations Security Council: See resolutions 446, 452 and 465. Shortly after Israel’s occupation of Palestinian territory began in 1967 the Security Council found that Israel is legally obliged to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention on The Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War in its occupation of Palestinian territory. See resolution 237. Security Council resolutions since then have identified Israeli violence and other behaviour which violate Israel’s obligations under  the Fourth Geneva Convention in its occupation of Palestinian territory. See resolutions 446, 681, 799, 904.
  • Group of 77, the major block in United Nationals General Assembly comprising of 134 members countries of the United Nations: The Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the Group of 77 and China at the Thirty-eighth Annual Meeting of Ministers (26 September 2014):expressed deep concern about the further decline of the social and economic conditions of the Palestinian people as a result of illegal Israeli practices, which include but are not limited to, the continuing colonization of Palestinian land by Israel, the occupying Power, in grave breach of international humanitarian law, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court as well as a flagrant violation of relevant United Nations resolutions and disrespect of the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice. In this connection, the Ministers demanded a halt of Israel’s confiscation of Palestinian property and construction and expansion of Israeli settlements and the Wall. They also expressed grave concern over the frequent acts of violence, terror and incitement against Palestinian civilians and the destruction of the Palestinian properties by Israeli settlers in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and called for action to hold the perpetrators accountable for these crimes.”
  • African Union, Executive Council, Decisions: Twenty-Second Ordinary Session 21 – 25 January 2013
  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN): Joint Communiques from Twenty-Fourth ASEAN Ministerial Meeting and Thirty-First  ASEAN Ministerial Meeting
  • The Non-Aligned Movement, which is made up of 120 member countries, Committee on Palestine:  NAMXIII/Summit/Statement Palestine 25 February 2003 Statement of the XIII Non-Aligned Movement Summit on Palestine. NAM”s Committee on Palestine has also called on it members to boycott Israeli settlements
  • United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon: Note to correspondents in response to questions about the report of the Fact Finding Mission on Israeli Settlements
  • Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights: Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the occupied Syrian Golan  Report by the Secretary-General, August 2014
  • Christine Chanet, Asma Jahangir and Unity Dow as expert independent international fact-finding mission appointed by the United Nations Human Rights Council: Report of the independent international fact-finding mission to investigate the implications of the Israeli settlements on the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of the Palestinian people throughout the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, Feb 2013
  • Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention (now numbering 196 countries): Conference of High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention Declaration, Dec 2001

Council conclusions on the Middle East Peace Process – See more at: http://unispal.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/0/CF4F523080B6834B852579FE003E0234#sthash.6vma6iot.dpuf

Council conclusions on the Middle East Peace Process – See more at: http://unispal.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/0/CF4F523080B6834B852579FE003E0234#sthash.6vma6iot.dpuf
Council conclusions on the Middle East Peace Process – See more at: http://unispal.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/0/CF4F523080B6834B852579FE003E0234#sthash.6vma6iot.dpuf

Council conclusions on the Middle East Peace Process – See more at: http://unispal.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/0/CF4F523080B6834B852579FE003E0234#sthash.6vma6iot.dpuf

Council conclusions on the Middle East Peace Process – See more at: http://unispal.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/0/CF4F523080B6834B852579FE003E0234#sthash.6vma6iot.dpuf

International Law Experts on Illegality of Israeli Occupation of Palestinian Territory

International NGOs on Illegality of Israeli Occupation of Palestinian Territory

Amnesty International
Human Rights Watch
International Crisis Group
Russell Tribunal on Palestine

Israeli and Palestinian NGOs  on Illegality of Israeli Occupation of Palestinian Territory

B’TSelem – The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories
Rabbis for Human Rights
Breaking the Silence
Al-Haq and the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (joint authorship)
Gisha- Legal Center for Freedom of Movement

UN Experts and Agencies on Illegality of Israeli Occupation of Palestinian Territory

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